– for ‘short distance & high volume’ applications, an attempt should be made to design the system of solid board boxes for two or three round trips per box .Note: the board boxes should be made interstackable with the plastic crates
Note that a shortcut of the complex calculations is enabled by applying EVR data from the ecocosts 2007 excel file, when the costs of subsystems are available:
– the EVR of crates and boxes is 0,13 – 0,16 (€/€)
– the EVR of long distance transport is 0,55 – 0,60 (€/€) (for the primary direction = the direction with the most volume)
This ‘rigorous LCA’ case has been calculated by means of a computer program (1999, Brandjes, Technical University of Delft, Logistics), see Thesis Chapter 6. This LCA was revised in 2004 on request of the FEFCO (European Federation of Corrugated Board Manufacturers), applying the latest LCI data on several types of board (FEFCO report).