Figure 4.2.b. Macro-economic consequences of expenditures of all consumers in the EU25.
Eco-costs should be reduced by a double strategy:
(1) shifting to green and circular products, i.e. lowering the curve
(2) buying behavior in the direction of durable high quality products, i.e. buying products at the left side of the curve.
Literature: see tab references 1.3, 2.0, 2.5 and 2.8.